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Bariatric surgery glossary

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Term Definition
A medical term used to describe processes and functions related to the stomach.
Gastric Banding Surgery
A restrictive type of weight-loss surgery in which a silicone band is placed around the upper portion of the stomach to create a small stomach pouch. The band is then filled with saline solution through a tiny port in the patient’s abdominal region, and can be tightened or adjusted periodically to make the stomach pouch smaller. Weight loss occurs as a result of the patient eating smaller portion sizes.
Gastric Bypass Surgery
A type of bariatric surgery in which a portion of the stomach is cut away to result in a smaller stomach pouch, and in which the small intestine is rerouted in a manner to prevent the body from absorbing calories that contribute to weight gain. Gastric bypass surgery is considered both a restrictive and malabsorptive form of weight-loss surgery.
Gastric Sleeve
A restrictive form of bariatric surgery in which more than half of the patient’s stomach is removed to leave behind a smaller stomach pouch that resembles a thin, vertical sleeve. Gastric sleeve surgery is also known as sleeve gastrectomy.
A medical term used to describe processes and functions related to both the stomach and intestines.
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